In Part Fulfillment with the Requirements of Health Care one particular



Published to:

Nancy Eliza Mangaliman, PTRP

Posted by:

Diego, Mary Flower A. Mendoza, Frances Gracelle Q.

Domingo, Rodalyn U. Trinidad, Kaye Erika M.

Trinidad, Denesse Joy G.

Date of Submission:

August 01, 2010


The skin, or perhaps integument, and its particular accessory buildings (hair, glands, and nails) constitute the integumentary system. Included in this program are the a lot of sensory pain of the skin and its considerable vascular network. The skin is a dynamic software between the physique and the exterior environment. That protects the entire body from the environment even as it allows for interaction with the environment.

The skin is usually an organ, since it consists of several kinds of tissues that are structurally arranged to function together. It is the largest appendage of the body system, covering more than 7, six-hundred sq cm (3000 sq in) inside the average mature, and makes up approximately seven percent of a person's body weight. Skin is of varying thickness, hitting 1 . 5mm. It is thicker on the areas of the body exposed to have on and erosion, such as the soles of the ft and the palms of the hand. In these areas, it is regarding 6mm thick. It is thinnest on the eyelids, external genitalia, and tympanic membrane (eardrum), where it can be approximately 0. 5mm solid. Even it is appearance and texture differs from the hard, callous skin covering the hand and knuckles to the soft, sensitive areas of the eyelids, nipples, and genitalia.

Significant functions from the integumentary system include:

1 ) Protection. Skin provides prevention of abrasion and ultraviolet light. It also provides the entry of microorganisms and dehydration by simply reducing drinking water loss from your body. 2 . Sensation. The integumentary system has sensory receptors that can detect warmth, cold, feel, pressure and pain. three or more. Vitamin D production. When encountered with ultraviolet light, the skin creates a molecule which can be transformed into vitamin D. 4. Temperature regulation. Body's temperature is regulated by managing blood flow throughout the skin as well as the activity of perspire glands. five. Excretion. Small amounts of waste products are dropped through the skin and in sweat gland secretions. 6th. Hydroregulation. Human skin can be virtually waterproof, protecting the body from desiccation (dehydration) upon dry land, and in many cases from drinking water absorption when immersed in water. six. Cutaneous absorption. Some smells, such as o2 and carbon dioxide, may go through the skin and enter the blood vessels. Small amounts of UV mild are absorbed readily. Certain chemicals can certainly enter. eight. Communication. Compression of the cosmetic muscles produces facial movement that convey an array of emotions.


Your skin rests on the hypodermis, which usually attaches that to root bone and muscle and supplies this with bloodstream and nerve fibres. The hypodermis, which is not portion of the skin, may also be called subcutaneous tissue. The hypodermis is definitely loose conjoining tissue which contains about half the body's stored fat, even though the amount and location vary with age, sexual and diet.



The dense collagenous conjoining tissue that produces up the skin tone contains fibroblasts, fat cells, and macrophages. Nerves, hair roots, smooth muscle groups, glands and lymphatic vessels extend into the dermis. Collagen and materials are responsible to get the structural strength from the dermis. The dermis consists of two layers: 1 . Stratum papillarosum is in contact with the skin. Numerous predictions called papillae extend from your upper percentage of the skin into the skin. Papillae make up the base pertaining to friction side rails on the fingers and toes and fingers. 2 . Assise reticularosum the deeper and thicker layer of the skin tone. Fibers through this layer will be denser and regularly organized to form a challenging, flexible meshwork. The restore...

Bibliography: and Appendices

1 . Tierney, L. M., McPhee, S. M., Papadakis, M. A. (Eds. ). (1998). CURRENT Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 1998. USA: Prentice Hall International, Inc.

2 . Arrojo, M. T. A. (2007). MIMS Philippines PIMS Philippines Index of Medical Specialties. (11th ed. ) Singapore: CMPMedica Asia PTE Ltd.

three or more. Shyrock, They would. (1990). Modern day Medical Guidebook. Washington POWER: Review and Herald Posting Association

some. Van para Graaf, E. M. (1998). Human Anatomy (5th ed. ) USA: WCB/McGraw-Hill

5. Seeley, R. R., Stephens, To. D., Tate, P. (2008). Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology (6th ed. ) Singapore: McGraw-Hill

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